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Children in kindergarten – what are the health risks

Children in kindergarten often suffer from viral and bacterial infections which are understandable, if you take into account that they are constantly in touch with a large number of children.

Children in kindergarten

In addition, separation from parents, especially from mothers, is a great stress for every child. In children, as in adults, prolonged stress weakens the immune system, so they are more susceptible to infection. This applies particularly to very young children (up to three years), to which the immune system is not yet fully matured. Children who reside in the collective often suffer from respiratory diseases, inflammation of the ear and throat as well as diseases accompanied by diarrhea or a rash. Children who do not attend kindergarten are sick less often, and if they get sick usually it is a viral infection of short duration which is rarely complicated by bacterial infection.

Respiratory infections

Respiratory diseases that are common for children in kindergarten are:Antibiotics - children in kindergarten

  • Inflammation of the lining of the nose (rhinitis)
  • Ear infection (otitis)
  • Damage to the vocal cords (laryngitis)
  • Inflammation of the bronchial tree (bronchitis)
  • Pneumonia (pneumonia)

The most common symptom is a runny nose where the appearance of the mucus changes. Respiratory infections are transmitted via droplets (sneezing, coughing, speech …) and they’re in season from late September to the end of March. In addition to the familiar “runny nose”, you may notice watery eyes, scratchy throat, and nose. In doing so, fever may not be present, especially in older children.

Laryngitis

In winter, frequent sore throats are from various origins (viruses and bacteria).

Some children also have a particular characteristic rash.

In mild cases, it is not necessary to immediately proceed with the antimicrobial treatment.

Children who attend kindergarten, often need help from a pediatrician. The long waits in the waiting rooms additionally expose them to the risk of new infections.

Cough

A cough is a symptom that appears as a companion of different states, from laryngitis to pneumonia and bronchitis.

A dry and irritating cough is the most common symptom of viral infection and is rarely a companion of a very serious respiratory disease.

If your child has a good appetite, no high fever, and his breathing is not labored, then going to a pediatrician is not necessary.

Elevated temperature

Fever is one of the natural defense mechanisms of the body against infection.

The pediatrics recommend to lower the elevated temperature only when it surpasses 38 ° C.

Modern recommendations are, to lower the temperature when a child shows signs of weariness and is starting to be moody.

A child with a fever should drink large quantities of hot beverages.

Antibiotics

Children in kindergarten - medicineUsing antibiotics only on the basis of a positive swab, and with the absence of symptoms, or using them when the symptoms are mild is not justified.

Soon after ending of therapy and returning to the kindergarten, the child is re-infected. The use of antibiotics in these cases is not only unjustified but can also be harmful.

Antibiotics are not candy, so before starting the therapy, you should consult your pediatrician.

For more information visit:

  1. http://www.webmd.com/
  2. https://www.nih.gov/
  3. http://www.everydayhealth.com/

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