The hormones are the body’s specific chemical messengers. The endocrine glands produce the hormones. Once produced, the hormones are responsible for controlling major bodily functions, from simple needs like hunger up to complex systems, like mood, emotions, reproduction etc. They are carried in your bloodstream to different tissues and organs. Hormones work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes, including metabolism. Balancing hormones is very important. Below you can read why and how to keep them in balance.
Endocrine glands are special groups of cells that make hormones. In the human body, major endocrine glands are the pituitary, thymus, pineal, thyroid, adrenal glands and pancreas. In addition, men produce hormones in their testes, while women produce them in their ovaries.
Causes of Hormonal Imbalances
For having a healthy and normal life, balancing hormones is of utmost importance. This balance can be disrupted for many reasons. In different life periods, both for men and women, hormone fluctuations are not a concern. These periods include puberty, menopause and perimenopause, which mostly affect women. Other reasons for hormone imbalance can be the toxins, unhealthy diet, and overall from leaving unhealthy lifestyle.
That is why it is especially relevant to have regular blood checks if you notice even a slight change or symptom not common for your body. Understanding the function each hormone has for your body and noticing the hormone imbalance on time, it can both save your life and help you live a healthier life.
Few of the main causes for hormone imbalance are: 
- Inadequate sleep
- Taking synthetic hormones
- Lack of movement or exercise
- Higher than average levels of stress
- Eating unhealthy food
Sign and Symptoms of hormonal imbalance or changes
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of hormone imbalances include: 
- Infertility and irregular periods
- Weight gain or weight loss
- Depression, Anxiety and Mood swings
- Fatigue and memory fog
- Sleep problems
- Chronic acne
- Low libido and vaginal dryness
- Changes in appetite and digestive problems
- Hair loss and hair thinning
- Breast changes
Problems related with hormonal imbalance
According to Dr. Axe, the most related problems/disorders with hormonal imbalance are the following: 
- Estrogen dominance:changes in sleep patterns, changes in weight and appetite, higher perceived stress, slowed metabolism
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS): infertility, weight gain, higher risk for diabetes, acne, abnormal hair growth
- Low estrogen: low sex drive, reproductive problems, menstrual irregularity, changes in mood
- Hypothyroidism: slowed metabolism, weight gain, fatigue, anxiety, irritability, digestive issues, irregular periods
- Low testosterone: erectile dysfunction, muscle loss, weight gain, fatigue, mood-related problems
- Hyperthyroidism & Grave’s Disease: anxiety, thinning hair, weight loss, IBS, trouble sleeping, irregular heartbeats
- Diabetes: weight gain, nerve damage (neuropathy), higher risk for vision loss, fatigue, trouble breathing, dry mouth, skin problems
- Adrenal fatigue: fatigue, muscle aches and pains, anxiety and depression, trouble sleeping, brain fog, reproductive problems
Natural ways for balancing hormones
1. Rest, exercise and keep your level of stress low
Some researches prove that women who exercise, meditate or practice yoga, experience less hormonal changes than those who do not cope with stress in some fashion . Rest is also important. Find small ways to incorporate rest and relax throughout the day.
Exercise at least 30 min a day, three times a week and try to incorporate this in your everyday routine.
2. Get enough sleep
You should try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep every night. Lack of sleep can contribute to hormonal changes, because during sleep the body tries to stabilize or the hormone havoc in the body during the active part of the day.
3. Eat healthy
4. Consume more Omega-3 Fatty Acids
These fats act to create responsive and healthy cell membranes, allowing hormones to adhere to the cell more easily. Omega 3 fatty acids can be found in fish, or in consuming flaxseed oil or olive oil for salads.
5. Avoid Caffeine
The caffeine, as a stimulant, might cause the adrenal gland to over-produce hormones. Try to cut-down the coffee intake to once or twice a day, or try not to consume coffee and replace it with a healthier option, like green tea or cocoa.
6. Take a Quality Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
Taking a good quality vitamin and mineral supplement will also help balance your hormones naturally. Make sure it contains vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium and the full spectrum of B complex vitamins.